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Middle School Foreign Language
Fifth and sixth grade students take instruction in Latin. In seventh grade, having been exposed to French and Spanish in Lower School, and Latin in fifth and sixth grades, students choose a language track - French, Spanish, or Latin - that they will continue through Upper School.
Fifth Grade Latin
Fifth grade students begin their introduction to Latin with an overview of the everyday vocabulary, history, and culture of Ancient Rome. Students learn how to recognize Latin roots within English words, follow a brief history of the Roman Empire, and discover the foundations of many of our modern day cultural practices. In order to strengthen their current language skills, students are exposed to basic Latin grammar patterns and learn to compare and contrast them with the mechanics of the English language. They learn to pronounce key Latin words and phrases, including Roman numerals, family terms, greetings, calendar vocabulary, and mottoes. As the study of Latin enriches foreign language learning, Latin grammar structures and vocabulary are also compared to the French and Spanish languages.
Sixth Grade Latin
Sixth grade students build upon the vocabulary, culture, and grammar introduced in their fifth grade Latin course. Through the use of internet-based lesson plans, students will be able to listen to key conversational words and phrases and practice the fundamentals of Latin grammar “in context” through their study of 48 daily life activity scenarios. Throughout the year students will use the internet resources and videos supported by the Usborne curriculum to enhance their look into ancient Roman life. They will continue to explore the world of Roman mythology and review Latin vocabulary and grammar using “Minimus Secundus,” published by Cambridge University Press. Students will continue to recognize, understand, and properly apply useful Latin mottoes.
Seventh and Eighth Grade Latin
Seventh and Eighth grade Latin use The Cambridge Latin Course, which introduces Latin language through reading passages. Special emphasis is placed on English derivatives from Latin words. Latin mottos, daily life in first century Rome, roman history, and mythology are also a part of the curriculum.
The Cambridge Latin Course presents grammar and vocabulary based on their frequency of use in the scope of original Latin texts in existence today. First, Second, and Third declension noun forms are introduced in the context of reading passages. The nominative, accusative, dative, and ablative forms are covered for these three declensions. Present, imperfect, and past perfect verb tenses are introduced in the first semester of Seventh grade. By the end of Eighth grade, the Middle School Latin student will have completed the coursework requirements for High School Latin I and are prepared to move into Latin II. Middle School Latin also provides an excellent foundation for grammar and vocabulary study in English, as well as other Romance languages.
Seventh Grade French
Seventh grade French provides the beginner student with basic communicative skills in French as well as an introduction to grammar fundamentals emphasizing the concept of verb conjugation. One of the principal goals of seventh grade French is to encourage students to feel comfortable speaking in French.
All lessons expose students to the French-speaking world with an overview of the various Francophone countries and their distinctive cultures. Students will learn about French culture through hands-on activities, including cooking and craft projects.
By the end of the school year, seventh grade French students should be able to:
- Identify and use new French vocabulary and grammatical structures through improving skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening in French.
- Gain knowledge and understanding of French cultural literacy
Eighth Grade French
The eighth grade French course builds on the grammar concepts studied in seventh grade French. While the curriculum is designed for the beginner French student, the course may be used as an introduction to French or as a review of fundamentals. How well the student masters the curriculum at the end of the year will determine whether the course is counted as French I credit or an eighth grade introduction. The Bien Dit, Level 1 approach focuses on learning vocabulary and grammar fundamentals in context while emphasizing French speaking and listening skills development. All lessons have cultural objectives designed to offer students a look at various aspects of French life. In addition to the Bien Dit text, students will have the opportunity to experience and learn about French culture through hands-on activities that include cooking, craft projects, and observations of current and historical events.
By the end of the school year, students should be able to:
- Communicate in French
- Gain knowledge and understanding of the cultures of the Francophone world
- Use French to connect with other disciplines
- Develop insight into the nature of language and culture
- Use French to participate in communities at home and around the world
Seventh Grade Spanish
The seventh grade Spanish course will introduce students to the basics of the language and culture. The learning objectives include familiarizing students with basic vocabulary plus oral and written use of a bank of words. Students will study the culture to better understand the Spanish-speaking people and their customs.
By the end of this course, students should be able to:
- Politely introduce themselves to others.
- Show courtesy when speaking to others.
- Identify people and classroom objects.
- Discuss school schedules and daily activities.
- Ask and answer questions
- Talk about the future
- Express an opinion
- Express possession
- Describe people and things
Eighth Grade Spanish
The eighth grade Spanish program builds on the seventh grade program. Students will continue to broaden and improve their vocabulary and grammar base through oral and written practice. They will further examine the culture of Spanish-speaking countries. In Spanish, they will be able to:
- State an opinion
- Express obligations, wishes, and preferences
- Discuss food and table items
- Talk about everyday activities
- Tell what someone says
- Discuss length of time
- Talk about the seasons and the weather
- Indicate order
- Discuss sports and other leisure time activities
- Talk about the past
- Make comparisons